Charleville Hospital is located in the South West Hospital and Health Service (SWHHS). It is approximately 759 kilometres west of Brisbane.
The primary catchment for South West consisted of four planning regions until late 2016.
- Far South West
Charleville and the Charleville SA2 were located in Murweh. The Charleville SA2 is now located in the South West remainder planning region.
In 2014, the estimated resident population for the catchment of the Charleville SA2 was 4714 people (similar to the previous Murweh planning region). This constituted approximately 18 per cent of the South West population. The town of Charleville had an approximate population of 3344. The population of the SA2 is expected to decrease to 3269 by 2026.
In 2014 the estimated Indigenous population of the current Charleville SA2 was 323 persons or 6.8 per cent of the total Charleville SA2 population. The Indigenous population of Murweh planning region was 641 or 13.5 per cent of the total Murweh population.